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Essential pointsBitcoin is an electronic currency known as a cryptocurrencyThe peer-to-peer technology underpinning it's known as the blockchain a people ledger of all transactionsBitcoins can be stored in a virtual wallet and used to Purchase other currencies or real world goods
Where once a single bitcoin has been worth a few cents it's now worth about $9,200 per coin (November 2017), creating millionaires in the process.There have been many reported instances where people mined thousands of relatively useless bitcoins as a hobby years ago, only to now realise they're rich.One IT worker even threw out a hard drive containing 7,500 bitcoins.
All this is done with no central authority or bank.Who created itBitcoin and also the blockchain technology was made by someone under the pseudonym of Satoshi Nakamoto and released as a working beta in 2009. Satoshi's true identity remains a mystery as he disappeared from the scene in 2010 after seemingly handing over the reins to Gavin Andresen, the chief scientist at the Bitcoin Foundation.Over years numerous individuals have claimed to become Satoshi, including Australian computer scientist Craig Wright.
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If the web site gets hacked or someone gets your login information they could access and drain your funds from the exchange.There is no way to get a transaction to be reversed or recovered if a burglar sends your bitcoins for their wallet.After buying your coins you should transfer them into a secure digital pocket made by you and not hosted online.You can even write down the pocket's personal key on a sheet of paper (this is known as a paper wallet) and stick it in a safe.If you don't save the personal key on your pc or online then hackers can never break in and access your funds.
Bitcoin means different things to different individuals. For some, it's a future of moving currency untied to any central bank. To the others, it's a purely digital entity of questionable worth and doubtful origin. But what's Bitcoin, in the most elementary senseIn most casual conversations, you can get away with knowing that bitcoin is, essentially, a digital currency.
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In reality, it is see two much more complex things.Bitcoin has been with us since 2009, when a person (or group) under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto introduced a stage (Bitcoin, uppercase) that hosts a digital currency (bitcoin, lowercase). Bitcoin the my sources platform is built on the concept of proof of work data that is expensive and time-intensive to create but can be readily verified.
To mine a bitcoin, a computer has to finish a complicated algorithm, essentially going through the job of an extensive calculation in exchange for some newly minted currency. That bit of electronic currency is worth whatever the market determines through supply and demand.Transactions are connected to a users Bitcoin speech, which can be saved on its own general ledger, called the blockchain.